There has been much debate for years now on the safety and legality of HID bulbs for headlamps. Some people swear by them, while many others can’t wait for the day they are outlawed. Not only outlawed, but actually enforced. In fact, a petition was started to nudge the Alberta government to take action on this matter. You can find the petition here. The petition has ended, but there are some very interesting arguments and science to consider.
Yes, HID Headlights are legal in Alberta. As long as there are no violations of the Traffic Safety Act Vehicle Equipment Regulation. This also assumes they are being used and installed correctly and with the appropriate housing.
Alberta was once a territory, and became a province in 1905. When it became a province, it needed a new name.
Why is Alberta named Alberta? Alberta is named Alberta because of Princess Louisa Caroline Alberta.
The Canadian Province of Alberta was named in 1905 after Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll, full name Louisa Caroline Alberta. The Province was originally intended to be named Louise, but she preferred to honour her father Prince Albert.
Princess Louise Caroline Alberta was the 6th child of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. Lake Louise is also named after her.
Most birds and other types of wildlife are protected and managed in the Province of Alberta.
So what about crows, are they protected? The answer today is no, crows are not a protected species of bird protected by the Province of Alberta, or the Federal government of Canada. You do not require permits to hunt or trap crows.
What Does ”Protected” Mean?
When a species is ”protected”, it can mean a variety of things. You can be outright banned from hunting them, or require permits for hunting or raising them.
In Canada, these protections can come from the Federal government, the Provinces, or in some cases even more local. In many instances, these policies will be a combination of all.
Can I Shoot A Crow In My Backyard In Alberta?
While the act of killing crows is legal in Alberta, you still have to abide by other laws, such as firearms laws.
There a many types of taxes that Albertans pay. Taxes range from income taxes, goods and services taxes, fuel taxes and more. We can cover this topic in depth below, but most people who ask this question are looking for income tax and consumption tax, so let’s answer that first.
How much is tax in Alberta? Alberta pays a G.S.T (Goods and services tax) of %5 on many everyday items but not everything, as some things are exempt. Albertans also pay income tax based on a series of brackets, ie a progressive scale. However, most Albertans will fall into the category that will pay %10 in income taxes.
Alberta Income Tax Brackets
The Alberta basic amount is $19,369. This means the first $19,369 of your income will not have provincial tax.
The first $131,220 of income is taxed at %10 (After the basic amount).
Each dollar above $131,220, up to $157,464 is taxed at %12.
Each dollar above $157,464, up to $209,952 is taxed at %13.
Each dollar above $209,952, up to $314,928 is taxed at %14.
Each dollar above $314,928, and beyond, is taxed at %15.
As an Albertan, you pay this income tax as a Provincial tax, but you will additionally pay a Federal income tax. With both income taxes combined, the average Alberta tax payer will pay approximately %25 to %30.
You may have heard the myth that there are no fleas in Alberta, or in Canada in general due to the colder climate. This is just a myth indeed.
Are there fleas in Alberta? There are plenty fleas in Alberta. Albertans may experience a temporary break from flea issues during the winter months, but Alberta summers are optimal temperatures and humidity for fleas to thrive.
Fleas like a humidity of 70 to 85 Percent, and temperatures ranging from 21 degrees Celsius to 29 degrees Celsius. This is a typical temperature range for an Alberta summer season. The humidity is not usually quite that high, but high enough for fleas.
So while Albertans get a temporary reprieve from fleas in the winter months, there is most risk of fleas (peak flea season) from August to October, though depending on the year, this can be extended out if it’s warmer.
There are many types of wildlife in Alberta, which is one of the things that make Alberta great. Some of these animals are protected legally from hunters to control populations. If you are looking to hunt caribou in Alberta you are out of luck.
Can you hunt caribou in Alberta? No, you can not legally hunt caribou in Alberta, as caribou is listed as a “Threatened Animal”. There is no open season for caribou in Alberta. The Woodland Caribou is an endangered species, and efforts are being made to protect them. The Woodland Caribou is protected in Alberta. Since the woodland caribou is the only type of caribou in Alberta, essentially all caribou are protected in Alberta.
So if you can’t hunt woodland caribou in Alberta, where can you hunt in Canada for caribou? Some places in Canada where you can hunt caribou include Manitoba, British Colombia, Newfoundland and Labrador, and Nova Scotia. You can book a hunting trip with an outfitter for a cost.
There is much talk around the country about adding more regions and provinces to the protected and endangered lists. Caribou populations are reportedly decreasing in many places across Canada. Many native communities have already limited their caribou hunting practices.
What Types of Caribou are in Canada?
There are three subspecies of caribou that live in Canada: Peary caribou, barren-ground caribou (including the Dolphin and Union population), and woodland caribou (including the boreal and southern mountain populations).
Though they have different behaviors, habitats, and appearances, they are all technically in the same species.
What Types of Caribou are in Alberta?
The Woodland Caribou is the only subspecies of caribou in Alberta. However, the woodland caribou can be broken down into 2 forms called ecotypes. These are the boreal woodland caribou and the mountain woodland caribou.
What is the Difference Between a Caribou and a Reindeer?
There is no difference between a caribou and a reindeer. They are the same thing. In Europe, they are sometimes called reindeer.
You can’t hunt woodland caribou in Alberta.
Since woodland caribou is the only type in Alberta, you can’t hunt any caribou in Alberta.
Many other provinces still allow hunting for caribou in Canada.
You can book paid hunting guides and tours with outfitters for a large sum of money.
Most people probably don’t even know that propane tanks expire in the first place, or how to tell when their cylinders expire. I didn’t know this either, until I worked as a propane attendant for several years, and hopefully I can pass some of this knowledge on to you.
So when do propane tanks expire in Canada? Propane tanks expire every 10 years in Canada. Every propane cylinder is marked with a month and a year. The tank will be considered expired at the end of the month, 10 years from the year on the tank.
Propane tanks in the United States expire every 12 years. Even if you have a propane cylinder that is from the United States that mentions the 12 year rule on the side of it, you are still required to follow the 10 year rule if you are in Canada.
How Do I Know If My Propane Tank Is Expired?
Every propane cylinder has markings on the collar to indicate a date. The date will always be month first, then the year.
As you can see here, this propane tank would expire at the end of July, 2018 in Canada (2020 if it were the U.S.A). You could still legally have it filled on the last day of the month specified, then it would expire at midnight.
However, if you look around at the rest of the propane cylinder collar, you may see a newly stamped date if it was recertified.
Can Propane Tanks Be Recertified? What Do I Do If My Propane Tank is Expired?
Yes, propane tanks can be recertified, and if your propane tank is expired, you can have it examined by a certified station and have a new valve installed and an updated date. This makes it good for another 10 years.
It should be noted that not all stations are certified or equipped to do this, and in fact, most are not.
This image seen above shows what a new date would look like. The format is a 2 digit month, then a 3 digit company code, then a 2 digit year, then an “E” at the end (You may also see an “H”, indicating it has been hydro tested, but this is rare).
Is My Propane Tank Still Safe to be Recertified?
Your locally certified propane station will have all the training and tools to examine if your tank is still in acceptable condition to recertify for another 10 years. Here is a list of some (but not all) of the things they will look for:
Welds and Seams are strong and intact
Collar and Footer still intact.
No deep dents (they will have tools to measure the size of the dents).
Corrosion is not too excessive.
How is a Propane Tank Recertified?
If your propane tank passes inspection, it can then be recertified and a new date stamped on the collar. In most cases, this involves removing the old valve, and replacing it with a new one.
Why Should I Bother Recertifying a Propane Tank? Why Not Just Buy a New One?
In most cases, the cost to recertify a propane tank will be lower than the cost to buy a new propane tank. However, there are exceptions, and this is a personal choice.
Propane tanks in Canada expire every 10 years (12 years in the USA).
This makes it illegal to fill them.
You can have them recertified by a professional and continue to use them as long as they pass a safety inspection.
How Do I Know How Much Propane Is Left in My Propane Tank?
The most accurate way to figure out how much propane is left in your propane tank is to weigh it using a scale. You can place your propane tank on a bathroom scale. Stamped on the side of every propane cylinder is a “Tare Weight”. Indicated by a T if it’s in KGs, or a T.W. if it is in LBs.
The Tare Weight is the weight of the entire propane tank if it is completely empty.
For Example: If the Tare Weight is 18 LBs, and the tank weighs 18 LBS, then it is empty. If it weighs 19 LBS, there is 1LB of propane left.
Other Methods of Finding the Remaining Quantity of Propane in Your Tank.
You will see other methods on the internet that describe using water and freezing off the tank to indicate an estimated level of propane in your tank. This method can be somewhat effective to get a very rough estimation.
However, I find it to be just as valid to get to know the weight of your tanks by feel, when they are empty or full.
More about these questions and other propane related questions can be found here at propane.ca
How Do I Properly Take Care of My Propane Tank?
Propane tanks should be treated with care, as they are the only thing standing in between you and a dangerous substance.
Never store them in extreme heat, and avoid situations that will erode the paint and cause rust.
Always store them securely in areas that will keep them safe from blunt force, and never use a severely damaged propane cylinder. Take it to a professional for inspection if you are unsure.
These tips are not just for safety, they will also save you money by prolonging the life of your propane tanks and valves.
Another tip that will lengthen the life of your propane valves is by using covers and caps. Contamination of your valves can cause damage and this can be costly. You wouldn’t want to require a revalue before the 10 year expiry date. It’s a huge waste.
You can buy QCC1 Propane Dust caps from Amazon here, as well as other protection devices. I have a personal connection with this particular listing and can attest to the quality of these caps. These are the high quality dust caps.
These are cheap and simple, and will save you money in the long run.
These are QCC1, which means they fit over the threads. There are dust caps available that are designed to screw into the inside as well. Those are called POL.
There are some places in Canada where owning a monkey as a pet is possible and Legal. If you are hoping for that to be the case in Alberta, you will be sorely disappointed.
Can you legally have a pet monkey in Alberta? The answer is no. According to the Alberta Wildlife Act, there are certain animals that the government of Alberta has deemed to be “too dangerous” to own. Primates in general are across the board banned in Alberta as pets.
Other provinces in Canada have different regulations on the matter of monkey ownership. For example, in Saskatchewan and Quebec, the regulations specify which particular species are banned.
Obviously, there are exceptions for Zoos and other approved animal sheltering facilities and agencies. These agencies can file paperwork for special approval.
Sometimes it’s complicated trying to figure out exactly what is covered and not covered by the Provincial Health system in Alberta. Especially when it comes to podiatry.
Will the podiatrist be covered by Alberta Health Care? Yes, Alberta Health Care will cover services provided by a podiatric surgeon in an Alberta hospital or non-hospital surgical facility under contract with Alberta Health Services. To receive these services, you are required to have a referral from a Doctor.
Other podiatry services may only be partially covered. If the podiatry service is NOT in an Alberta hospital or non-hospital surgical facility under contract with Alberta Health Services, then the following will apply:
partial coverage for some podiatry services under the basic podiatry program, to a maximum of $250 per benefit year (July 1 to June 30)
podiatrists can charge additional fees for these services