Does Alberta Have Eagles?

Alberta is known for having vast amounts of protected natural areas. Because of this, the province is rich with a diverse population of wildlife.

Does Alberta have Eagles? Alberta is home to 2 types of eagles. The bald eagle and the Golden Eagle. The Golden Eagle migrates South for the winter, whereas the Bald Eagle tends to stay for the winter if there is enough food.

Good read about Eagles in Alberta

Eagles were once on the endangered species list. They have been removed from that list as the population has risen over several decades.

Does Alberta Have Earthquakes?

If you were to ask the average Albertan to guess how many earthquakes there are each year in Alberta, most of them would probably guess zero. But this would be wrong.

Does Alberta have Earthquakes? Alberta has averaged 165 Earthquakes per year from 2006-2018. Most earthquakes in Alberta occur on the Western side of the province, particularly along the Rocky Mountains.

Most Albertans have never experienced an earthquake, because most earthquakes do not occur in densely populated areas. Those that do, are typically mild.

If you live in a large city like Calgary or Edmonton, the chances of experiencing a significant earthquake are very low, but not impossible.

Generally speaking, an earthquake capable of severe damage to buildings would be over a 6.0 ML. Alberta has not yet recorded an earthquake that high.

This explains why most people would not associate Alberta with earthquakes, even though there are many on a yearly basis.

Everything You Need to Know About Alberta Earthquakes

Alberta is not known for most common types of natural disasters. The province is too far inland for hurricanes, and the last evidence of a volcano eruption is from the paleocene and cretaceous eras.

There are some tornados in Alberta every year, but not as many as tornado alley in the U.S.A.

Overall, Alberta is a fairly safe place to live as far as natural disasters go. Assuming you can brave the deep cold winters.

In Summary

  • There a plenty of earthquakes in Alberta, but they are mostly of smaller magnitude.
  • The majority of the earthquakes in Alberta are along the Rocky Mountains.
  • If you live in the highly populated areas such as Edmonton, Red Deer or Calgary, the earthquakes are very rare there. This explains why most Albertans have never experienced an earthquake, or at least one of any significance.

Can You Own a Deer in Alberta?

Whitetail Deer and Mule Deer are the 2 main deer species in Alberta. People have been hunting these deer in this part of the world for generations. It’s one thing to hunt them, but what about owning them?

Can you own deer in Alberta? You can own whitetail deer and mule deer, and farm them in Alberta. You will have to buy an annual Game Farm License, and your property must meet a number of requirements to be approved.

All About Deer Farming (Alberta Whitetail and Mule Deer Association

Other types of deer would be considered controlled animals, and can not be owned with a permit. A permit is usually given to professional wildlife management organizations such as zoos.

Some examples of deer species you can NOT own (without a permit) in Alberta include:

  • Musk Deer
  • Chinese Water Deer
  • Muntjacs (Barking Deer)
  • Tufted Deer
  • Fallow Deer
  • Axis, Hog, Bawean and Calamanian Deer
  • Sikas, Red Deer and Wapitis
  • White-lipped Deer
  • South Asian Deer
  • Sambar, Rusa and Phillipine Spotted Deer
  • Mouse Deer
  • Barasingha and Brow-antlered Deer
  • Pere David’s Deer
  • Marsh Deer
  • Pampas Deer
  • Guemals (Huemuls)
  • Brockets
  • Pudus
  • Caribou (Reindeer)
  • Roe Deer

Summary of Property Requirements to Farm Deer in Alberta

  • Must be at least 10 acres of privately owned land.
  • Fencing must be tall enough (and strong enough) to keep the deer in, and keep predators out.
  • A handling facility, which allows game animals to be restrained sufficiently to read registration ear tags or draw blood samples, must be constructed.
  • All the deer must be tagged and all inventory of the animals properly accounted for.

In Summary

  • You can own and farm whitetail deer and mule deer in Alberta as livestock.
  • There is an annual fee, and your property must meet certain criteria to be approved.
  • Other types of deer are controlled and can not be owned without a permit in Alberta.

When do Bears Hibernate in Alberta?

Alberta has 2 kinds of bears. The black bear and the grizzly bear. They both spend the fall season eating as much as they can to fatten up and prepare for hibernation.

When do bears hibernate in Alberta? Alberta bears hibernate from around November to early April. They basically spend the entire winter in hibernation.

All about bear hibernation in Alberta

During this time, their heart rate will slow down significantly. They will not eat at all, which leads to a lot of weight loss.

As it warms up in the spring, around April, the bears will come out of hibernation with a huge appetite.

In Summary

  • Bears in Alberta hibernate over the winter, from around November to early April.
  • The 2 kinds of bears in Alberta, grizzly and black bears, will generally hibernate around the same time.
  • Bears eat a lot in the fall to prepare for hibernation, then come out of hibernation in the spring very hungry.
  • Hibernation is a when the bears are in a slower state. Their heart rates drop, and they don’t eat.

What is the Smallest City in Alberta?

The criteria to become city in Alberta is a population of at least 10,000 people. Becoming a city does not happen automatically. The municipality has to apply for city status, and some choose not to.

What is the smallest city in Alberta? Wetaskiwin is the smallest city in Alberta with a population of 12,594. There are other Alberta towns with a smaller population exceeding 10,000, that do not currently have city status.

How Many Cities are there in Alberta?

There are 19 cities in Alberta (In order of population from Lowest to Highest):

  • Wetaskiwin
  • Lacombe
  • Brooks
  • Cold Lake
  • Camrose
  • Lloydminster
  • Beaumont
  • Chestermere
  • Fort Saskatchewan
  • Leduc
  • Spruce Grove
  • Medicine Hat
  • Grand Prairie
  • St. Albert
  • Airdrie
  • Lethbridge
  • Red Deer
  • Edmonton
  • Calgary

Alberta Towns Eligible to become Cities

Towns with more than 10,000 population that could potentially receive city status (In order of population from Lowest to Highest):

  • Blackfalds
  • Morinville
  • Canmore
  • Strathmore
  • High River
  • Sylvan Lake
  • Stony Plain
  • Okotoks
  • Cochrane

In Summary

  • The smallest city in Alberta is Wetaskiwin with a population of 12,594.
  • There are towns in Alberta that are eligible to become cities with a smaller population.
  • A town is eligible to apply for city status when the population crosses the 10,000 mark.
  • There are currently 9 Alberta towns eligible to become cities.
  • Calgary is the largest city in Alberta, with Edmonton in a close second.

Can You Own a Camel in Alberta?

Many types of wildlife and exotic animals are controlled in Alberta. Controlled animals can sometimes be owned with a permit, such as a zoo. There are also instances where wildlife is controlled at the Federal level, or municipally through bylaws.

Can you own a camel in Alberta? You can legally own a camel in Alberta. They are not named on the provincial controlled animals list. Camels are considered livestock in Alberta.

Camels along with other animals such as alpacas, cows, pigs and sheep, are regulated as livestock in Alberta. They are treated under different laws than wildlife or exotic animals.

Interesting side note: Honey Farms are also regulated under livestock in Alberta.

While camels are not listed as a controlled animal, you would still have to follow regulations and local bylaws related to livestock management. For instance, most towns and cities have bylaws that dictate what land is allowed to have livestock on it.

Provincially, there are regulations on the health and general management of livestock.

More about livestock regulations in Alberta.

In Summary

  • It is legal to own a camel in Alberta. They are not listed as a controlled animal.
  • Camels are considered to be livestock in Alberta.
  • There are laws and regulations that govern livestock ownership and management on the provincial and municipal levels.

Are There Badgers in Alberta?

The North American badger of the mustelidae family, is found in many parts of Canada and the U.S.A. Mostly in open or grassy regions. They tend to avoid heavily forested areas.

Are there badgers in Alberta? There are badgers in Alberta. Mostly in the Parkland Region and Grassland Region.

Great read all about the North American badger in Alberta

The 4 subspecies of North American badger are:

  1. jeffersoni
  2. berlandieri
  3. jacksonii
  4. taxus

The most common badger in Alberta is the taxus. This subspecies is considered “sensitive”.

A declining badger population can actually be harmful to other small mammals. Badgers dig and burrow. This creates convenient hiding opportunities for the protection of other small animals.

In Summary

  • There are badgers in Alberta and throughout North America.
  • The subspecies of North American badger found in Alberta is the taxus.
  • Badgers in Alberta are mostly found in the Grassland and Parkland Regions.
  • Taxus Badgers in Alberta are ranked as ”sensitive”. A declining population is bad for other small mammals that use badger holes to hide from predators.

Are there Botflies in Alberta?

Botflies also go by the names Nasal Bots, Skin Warbles, Maggots or Myiasis. You could also refer to them by their Family name of Oestridae. As adults they kind of look like big furry houseflies.

Are there any botflies in Alberta? There are 3 major groups of botflies in Alberta and the rest of Western Canada. Nasal Bot Flies, Caribou Warble Flies, and Rodent Bot Flies.

They are mostly harmless to humans, but you can find them anywhere there are mammal wildlife such as caribou, mule deer and rodents.

Here is a great detailed read on the types of bot flies found in Alberta:

Everything there is to know about bot flies in Alberta

Difference Between Bot Flies and Houseflies

Bot flies differ from other flues like typical houseflies in a number of ways. The biggest difference is in the needs of the larvae.

A bot fly larvae needs to get it’s nutrition from the cells and fluids from a living mammal. This is why animals in the wild are occasionally infested with them.

Most types of bot flies are not directly harmful to humans, aside from complications such as an infection following their removal.

In Summary

  • There are bot flies in Alberta and throughout Western Canada.
  • The 3 major bot fly groups in this region are the Nasal Bot Fly, Caribou Warble Fly, and the Rodent Bot Fly.
  • Bot flies go by other names such as Nasal Bots, Skin Warbles, Maggots or Myiasis.
  • They are mostly harmless to humans, and mostly infest wildlife and rodents.

How Many People Live in Alberta?

Alberta has the 4th highest population of all the Canadian Provinces. The population continues to rise year over year.

How many people live in Alberta? The current population of Alberta is 4,500,917. This is the most current population estimate as of April 1st, 2022.


A large percentage of Alberta’s population is concentrated in the 2 largest cities, which are Calgary and Edmonton.

The majority of people living in Alberta live from Edmonton and below. Alberta has vast amounts of wilderness in the Northern region that is very sparsely populated.

In Summary

  • As of April 1, 2022, there is an estimated total of 4,500,917 people living in Alberta.
  • Almost half of the total population resides in the 2 major cities of Edmonton and Calgary.
  • Alberta continues to have year over year population growth, as the 4th most populous province in Canada.

Can You See Mountains in Edmonton?

Edmonton is the capital city of Alberta, located in the Northern region of the province. If you take a look at a map of Alberta, you will notice that Calgary is much closer to the Rocky Mountains.

Can you see mountains in Edmonton? You can not see the mountains from Edmonton. Not even from the tallest buildings in the city.

You would have to travel approximately 2 hours West for the Mountains to come into view. Due to the distance and curvature of the Earth, no matter how clear the skies are, it is simply not possible to see that far.

Jasper is a popular destination for mountain sightseeing by Edmonton visitors.

As odd as it may seem, you would also get closer to the mountains by traveling South. It is a long drive, but the closer you get to Calgary, the more the mountains become visible. Driving down Highway 2, you will begin to see mountains just South of Red Deer.

In Summary

  • You can not see Mountains from Edmonton, Alberta. Even from tall buildings.
  • You have to travel approximately 2 hours (around 200kms) West of Edmonton, to see the closest mountain ranges.
  • You can also get closer to the Rocky mountains by going South. Calgary is very close to the Mountains.