Many people use hitchhiking as a regular mode of travel. Most people only do it in emergency situations. Sometimes you don’t have a choice. But is it legal?
Is hitchhiking legal in Alberta? There is no legislation prohibiting hitchhiking in Alberta. However, individual municipalities may have their own bylaws within city limits. Hitchhiking outside city limits on provincial roads and highways is currently legal in Alberta, though not recommended.
You may already know you can get your drivers abstract online or in person quite easily in Alberta. But what happens if you need it, and you are outside of the province?
Can I get an Alberta Drivers Abstract in B.C.? You can get your Alberta drivers abstract in B.C., or from anywhere outside of the province. The steps are slightly different, as it involves notarization, but it can be done.
Follow this link to the official government of Alberta website for instructions an printable forms to get your Alberta Drivers Abstract.
The matter of public nudity is handled at the Federal level in Canada. It is a criminal matter that extends across the country, not just Alberta.
Is it Legal for a Woman to be Shirtless in Alberta, Canada? Nudity in public is currently illegal everywhere in Canada. Section 174 of the Canadian Criminal Code makes it illegal to be nude in a public place, or in a private place that can be seen by the the public. There are petitions by activist groups attempting to get the law removed or changed.
The law is a bit vague and leaves the door open for interpretation on a few issues.
Some people fighting for a change to the law have argued it is too vague and violates certain rights and freedoms. For instance, the wording might suggest you are a criminal if you are nude in your home and someone can see you in the window.
The issue of women being shirtless, the question we are discussing here, is not cut and dry according to the law. At least not when it comes to enforcement.
By the letter of the law, it would be a crime for a woman to be bare chested in public. It would come down to the environment where it happened, and whether or not someone made a complaint. If the nudity was coupled with other activities that are criminal or a nuisance to the public, there would likely be a complaint by a member of the public, and you would be charged accordingly.
Here is the nudity law from the Canadian Criminal Code:
174(1) Every one who, without lawful excuse,
(a) is nude in a public place, or
(b) is nude and exposed to public view while on private property, whether or not the property is his own,is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction.
The second section gives a broad definition of nudity:
(2) For the purposes of this section, a person is nude who is so clad as to offend against public decency or order.
This is a broad definition of nude as it uses words like ”offend” and ”decency”. It is expected that you use common sense.
If a woman walked shirtless through a crowded mall, or around a public beach, especially where there is children, there would likely be a problem. People would complain, and by the letter of this law, you could face criminal consequences.
Public nudity is a crime in Canada according to section 174 of the Canadian Criminal Code.
Nudity is defined in the law as ”a person is nude who is so clad as to offend against public decency or order.”
While aspects of the law seem vague and broad reaching, common sense plays a role in this issue.
There are activist groups with petitions who have been trying to remove this law or have it changed.
The laws regarding the recording of people are handled at the Federal level in Canada. It applies to not only Alberta, but across the country.
Can you record someone without their consent in Alberta? According to section 184 of the Canadian Criminal Code, Canada is a one-party consent country. This means you can record without consent if at least 1 participant of the conversation is consenting. It is illegal to record from a 3rd party perspective if nobody in the conversation gives consent or has knowledge of it, where there is an ”expectation of privacy”.
This answer should not replace actual legal advice. You should read through the law yourself to gain an adequate understand of all the circumstances involved.
In a nutshell, it is legal to secretly record a conversation if you are a member of the conversation, or have consent from a member of the conversation. But only if there is not an ”expectation of privacy” in the situation.
If you record a private conversation without consent or implied consent, you could be guilty of a federal crime, and face up to 5 years in prison.
184(1) Every person who, by means of any electro-magnetic, acoustic, mechanical or other device, knowingly intercepts a private communication is guilty of (a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years; or (b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.
Section 184 ”Interception”
The law then goes on to lay out the ”exceptions”. This is the Saving Provision.
There is a bit more to this law than these screenshots, but this is the bulk of it.
Canada is a one-party consent country.
It is legal (in certain circumstances) to record someone’s conversation without their consent if you are a participant of the conversation or have consent from a member of the conversation.
Outside of these parameters, it is a federal crime to record a private conversation.
If you want own exotic pets or wildlife in Alberta, you must first check to see they are not controlled. The province of Alberta keeps an ongoing list of controlled species.
Can you own a sloth in Alberta? Sloths are not currently listed as a controlled animal in Alberta. You do not need a permit to own a sloth. However, there may be regulatory bylaws in your municipality.
There are a variety of different types of sloth. None of these are currently listed in the mammals section of the Alberta controlled animals list.
On a related note, there is an animal called a Sloth Bear. This is a bear, and not actually a sloth, it is just a name. The Sloth Bear is listed on the Alberta controlled species list and you can not own one without a permit or special legal permissions.
Owning a pet of any kind can be challenging, especially an exotic pet that is not native to your environment.
Always be sure to research the animal and it’s needs before getting one. Exotic pets can be trendy, which often leads to people getting involved with an animal then realizing they were not adequately prepared. Everyone in the situation, especially the animal, has a negative outcome.
Sloths are not currently listed as a controlled animal in Alberta.
Controlled animals require permits to own. Usually zoos and other animal welfare organizations.
Local municipal bylaws may exist in your town or city regulating these exotic animals.
Alberta is known for having vast amounts of protected natural areas. Because of this, the province is rich with a diverse population of wildlife.
Does Alberta have Eagles? Alberta is home to 2 types of eagles. The bald eagle and the Golden Eagle. The Golden Eagle migrates South for the winter, whereas the Bald Eagle tends to stay for the winter if there is enough food.
Every Canadian has the right to refuse unsafe work in the workplace in general. When it comes to temperature specific issues, each provinces handles things a little differently.
What temperature can you refuse to work in Alberta? Alberta does not have specific legal requirements when it comes to workplace temperature. However, employers must still provide a healthy and safe environment including maintaining an adequate indoor temperature and air quality.
This is often called the “general duty clause”, which requires employers to ensure the health and safety and welfare of their employees as much as it is reasonably practicable for the employer to do so.
Employers should adopt good practices and accepted industry standards to fulfill their duties. Part 2 of Alberta’s Occupational Health and Safety Code requires employers to also assess and control hazards that workers may be exposed to at the work site.
There are no temperature restrictions for work in Alberta, but the safety guidelines recommend an indoor temperature of 23-28°C in summer and 20-25°C in winter, when the relative humidity is closer to 30%.
There are no official temperature restrictions for working in Alberta.
Alberta only has a set of guidelines for worker health and safety.
Any Alberta worker has the right to refuse unsafe work.
The rules about the window tint on your vehicle is under the ”Window Glazing” section of the Alberta Vehicle Equipment Regulation. It discusses front side windows as well as the windshield.
Can you tint your front windows or windshield in Alberta? It is illegal to tint your windshield or front side windows in Alberta. Any tint must remain the same as originally intended by the manufacturer.
Here is the exact quote from the Alberta Vehicle Equipment Regulation:
Window glazing 70(1) A person shall not install, replace or cover the window glazing in a windshield or in a left or right side window of a motor vehicle that is beside or forward of the driver with a transparent, translucent or opaque material.