Can You Ride in the Back of a Pickup Truck in Alberta?

You have probably heard that it is illegal in Alberta to ride in the back of a truck. Yet, you have seen people in the back of a pickup truck during a parade, or in a work truck doing a job. So what’s the truth?

Can You Ride in the Back of a Pickup Truck in Alberta? It is illegal in Alberta for a passenger to ride on the outside of the vehicle, and this includes the back of a pickup truck. There are specific exceptions in the law for certain work situations, parades, and other circumstances that require special approval.

When you are driving, you must not allow anyone to ride on the outside of your vehicle. This includes the open box of a pick up truck. You and the other person can be charged for this offence.

https://www.alberta.ca/traffic-laws.aspx

Here is the actual wording of the law according to the Alberta Traffic Safety Act:

Section 85 “Riding or Being Towed on Outside of Vehicle”. Source

A person shall not ride or permit any other person to ride on any portion of a motor vehicle that is outside of the passengers’ or driver’s cabin or cab of the motor vehicle.

There are some specific exceptions to the law that do allow you to ride in the bed of a pickup truck.

Exceptions to the Law

It is only legal to ride in the back of a pick up truck in the following scenarios:

  • in those circumstances where the nature of the person’s occupation requires the person to ride in the box of a truck, or
  • where the person is engaged or otherwise employed in agricultural, horticultural or livestock raising operations and riding in the box of a truck is directly related to one or more of those operations;
  • in or on a fire-fighting vehicle;
  • in or on a vehicle engaged in highway construction or maintenance;
  • in or on a vehicle forming part of an entertainment exhibition that has been approved by the council of the municipality within which the exhibition is taking place; 
  • on a maintenance or service vehicle on which a special seat or stand has been affixed providing for the safety of the person so riding;
  • in a mobile treatment centre module mounted on the back of a truck that meets the requirements for a commercial vehicle equipped with a mobile treatment centre module established in the Commercial Vehicle Safety Regulation (AR 121/2009), for the purposes of transporting injured or ill workers
  • from a work site to the nearest health care facility when an ambulance is not available, or 
  • to meet an ambulance.

As you can see, there are exceptions to the rule for work, parades or emergency situations, otherwise it is not legal to have passengers riding in the back of your truck.

For example: you can not just toss the kids in the back of the truck and head to the grocery store. You would likely receive a fine for doing so.

In Summary

  • It is not legal to have passengers riding in the back of a pickup truck in Alberta.
  • There are specific exceptions to the rule for things like parades, emergencies, and certain work activities.
  • You can face fines for allowing passengers to ride on the outside of your vehicle.

Is Hitchhiking Legal in Alberta?

Many people use hitchhiking as a regular mode of travel. Most people only do it in emergency situations. Sometimes you don’t have a choice. But is it legal?

Is hitchhiking legal in Alberta? There is no legislation prohibiting hitchhiking in Alberta. However, individual municipalities may have their own bylaws within city limits. Hitchhiking outside city limits on provincial roads and highways is currently legal in Alberta, though not recommended.

Full Alberta Traffic Safety Act

Edmonton is an example of city where it is explicitly illegal to hitchhike within city limits.

Here is a screenshot of the Edmonton Hitchhiking Bylaw:

Source: Part 4 of Edmonton Bylaw regarding hitchiking.

Check with your local bylaws before making your trip.

In Summary

  • There is no provincial law against hitchhiking in Alberta, Canada.
  • Some municipalities have their own bylaws, making hitchhiking illegal within town or city limits.
  • Edmonton is an example of a city where hitchhiking is illegal.
  • Generally speaking, anywhere that has laws forbidding hitchhiking, has allowable exceptions for emergency situations.
  • While hitchhiking in most areas of Alberta is legal, authorities warn about the dangers of this activity, and strongly advise against it.

Does Alberta Have Public Auto Insurance?

In Canada, every province can choose to do auto insurance however they want. Some are private industries, and some are publicly funded.

Does Alberta have public auto insurance? Alberta does not have public auto insurance. The auto insurance in Alberta is a purely private industry only.

While the insurance agencies are private and independent, they are overseen by the Alberta Automobile Insurance Rate Board (AIRB).

Wether a province has public or private insurance, either way, auto insurance is mandatory to drive in Canada.

Every province and territory in Canada technically has access to some form of private insurance. Some are purely private, like Alberta, but some are a hybrid.

A province with a hybrid auto insurance structure generally means there is a certain amount of mandatory coverage from the public system, while you can add extra services privately.

Provinces and Territories Private or Hybrid Auto Insurance Chart

Province/TerritoryPrivate or Hybrid
AlbertaPrivate
Newfoundland/LabradorPrivate
Nova ScotiaPrivate
Prince Edward IslandPrivate
New BrunswickPrivate
OntarioPrivate
YukonPrivate
North West TerritoriesPrivate
Nunavut Private
British ColumbiaHybrid
ManitobaHybrid
Saskatchewan Hybrid
QuebecHybrid

Source

Of the 13 total Canadian Provinces and Territories, 9 of them are purely private. The rest are mostly public with some form of private additions.

In Summary

  • Alberta does not have public auto insurance.
  • The Alberta auto insurance industry is purely private, and overseen by the A.I.R.B.
  • Alberta is 1 of 9 Provinces and Territories that are private.
  • The other 4 Provinces and Territories have public auto insurance or a hybrid.

Is it Legal for a Woman to be Shirtless in Alberta?

The matter of public nudity is handled at the Federal level in Canada. It is a criminal matter that extends across the country, not just Alberta.

Is it Legal for a Woman to be Shirtless in Alberta, Canada? Nudity in public is currently illegal everywhere in Canada. Section 174 of the Canadian Criminal Code makes it illegal to be nude in a public place, or in a private place that can be seen by the the public. There are petitions by activist groups attempting to get the law removed or changed.

Section 174 of the Canadian Criminal Code

The law is a bit vague and leaves the door open for interpretation on a few issues.

Some people fighting for a change to the law have argued it is too vague and violates certain rights and freedoms. For instance, the wording might suggest you are a criminal if you are nude in your home and someone can see you in the window.

The issue of women being shirtless, the question we are discussing here, is not cut and dry according to the law. At least not when it comes to enforcement.

By the letter of the law, it would be a crime for a woman to be bare chested in public. It would come down to the environment where it happened, and whether or not someone made a complaint. If the nudity was coupled with other activities that are criminal or a nuisance to the public, there would likely be a complaint by a member of the public, and you would be charged accordingly.

Here is the nudity law from the Canadian Criminal Code:

Nudity

  • 174 (1) Every one who, without lawful excuse,
  • (a) is nude in a public place, or
  • (b) is nude and exposed to public view while on private property, whether or not the property is his own,is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction.

The second section gives a broad definition of nudity:

Nude

(2) For the purposes of this section, a person is nude who is so clad as to offend against public decency or order.

This is a broad definition of nude as it uses words like ”offend” and ”decency”. It is expected that you use common sense.

If a woman walked shirtless through a crowded mall, or around a public beach, especially where there is children, there would likely be a problem. People would complain, and by the letter of this law, you could face criminal consequences.

In Summary

  • Public nudity is a crime in Canada according to section 174 of the Canadian Criminal Code.
  • Nudity is defined in the law as ”a person is nude who is so clad as to offend against public decency or order.”
  • While aspects of the law seem vague and broad reaching, common sense plays a role in this issue.
  • There are activist groups with petitions who have been trying to remove this law or have it changed.

Can You Record Someone Without their Consent in Alberta?

The laws regarding the recording of people are handled at the Federal level in Canada. It applies to not only Alberta, but across the country.

Can you record someone without their consent in Alberta? According to section 184 of the Canadian Criminal Code, Canada is a one-party consent country. This means you can record without consent if at least 1 participant of the conversation is consenting. It is illegal to record from a 3rd party perspective if nobody in the conversation gives consent or has knowledge of it, where there is an ”expectation of privacy”.

Section 184 of the Canada Criminal Code

This answer should not replace actual legal advice. You should read through the law yourself to gain an adequate understand of all the circumstances involved.

In a nutshell, it is legal to secretly record a conversation if you are a member of the conversation, or have consent from a member of the conversation. But only if there is not an ”expectation of privacy” in the situation.

If you record a private conversation without consent or implied consent, you could be guilty of a federal crime, and face up to 5 years in prison.

184 (1) Every person who, by means of any electro-magnetic, acoustic, mechanical or other device, knowingly intercepts a private communication is guilty of
(a) an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years; or
(b) an offence punishable on summary conviction.

Section 184 ”Interception”

The law then goes on to lay out the ”exceptions”. This is the Saving Provision.

There is a bit more to this law than these screenshots, but this is the bulk of it.

In Summary

  • Canada is a one-party consent country.
  • It is legal (in certain circumstances) to record someone’s conversation without their consent if you are a participant of the conversation or have consent from a member of the conversation.
  • Outside of these parameters, it is a federal crime to record a private conversation.

Can You Own a Sloth in Alberta?

If you want own exotic pets or wildlife in Alberta, you must first check to see they are not controlled. The province of Alberta keeps an ongoing list of controlled species.

Can you own a sloth in Alberta? Sloths are not currently listed as a controlled animal in Alberta. You do not need a permit to own a sloth. However, there may be regulatory bylaws in your municipality.

Source

There are a variety of different types of sloth. None of these are currently listed in the mammals section of the Alberta controlled animals list.

On a related note, there is an animal called a Sloth Bear. This is a bear, and not actually a sloth, it is just a name. The Sloth Bear is listed on the Alberta controlled species list and you can not own one without a permit or special legal permissions.

Owning a pet of any kind can be challenging, especially an exotic pet that is not native to your environment.

Always be sure to research the animal and it’s needs before getting one. Exotic pets can be trendy, which often leads to people getting involved with an animal then realizing they were not adequately prepared. Everyone in the situation, especially the animal, has a negative outcome.

In Summary

  • Sloths are not currently listed as a controlled animal in Alberta.
  • Controlled animals require permits to own. Usually zoos and other animal welfare organizations.
  • Local municipal bylaws may exist in your town or city regulating these exotic animals.
Does Alberta Have Eagles?

Alberta is known for having vast amounts of protected natural areas. Because of this, the province is rich with a diverse population of wildlife.

Does Alberta have Eagles? Alberta is home to 2 types of eagles. The bald eagle and the Golden Eagle. The Golden Eagle migrates South for the winter, whereas the Bald Eagle tends to stay for the winter if there is enough food.

Good read about Eagles in Alberta

Eagles were once on the endangered species list. They have been removed from that list as the population has risen over several decades.

Can You Buy Raw Milk in Alberta?

Raw milk is milk that is unpasteurized. There is a process to ensure the health and safety of dairy products across Canada, not just Alberta.

Can you buy raw milk in Alberta? You can not buy, sell or give away raw milk in Alberta or anywhere in Canada. Raw milk is unpasteurized and has not met the health and safety standards of the various agencies that regulate the dairy industry.

Source

Raw milk from any livestock such as cow, goat, water buffalo etc, is unlawful to sell or even give away for free.

Not only is it illegal for a dairy producer to offer the raw milk to the market, they also have to meet other minimum standards. The health of the animal that creates the raw milk is also regulated.

Raw milk is to be pasteurized and processed before it can be offered commercially to the general public.

It is perfectly legal to drink unpasteurized (raw) milk from your own livestock. For example, many farmers drink raw milk from their own cows. There are also ways to pasteurize milk from your own animals.

Dairy Farmers do not have just one simple government body to deal with. There are several different agencies that oversee every step of the process from the equipment, the handling of the livestock and of course, the final product.

In Summary

  • You can not buy raw milk in Alberta. It is unlawful for a Dairy producer to sell or give away unpasteurized milk.
  • This restriction applies to all milk producing livestock, not just cows.
  • Several agencies and regulations that oversee the dairy industry, such as the Dairy Industry Act.
  • It is legal to drink raw milk from your own livestock.

Can You Buy Menthol Cigarettes in Alberta?

The laws on cigarettes and vaping have got much more restrictive over the years. Not just in the province of Alberta, but across Canada in general.

Can you buy menthol cigarettes in Alberta? You can not legally buy or sell menthol cigarettes in Alberta. They are banned across Canada.

Source

Alberta was one of the first provinces in Canada to ban menthol cigarettes on September 30, 2015. Nova Scotia was the first province to ban them.

Many more provinces eventually followed suit. Eventually, most Canadian Provinces had a menthol cigarette ban.

Finally, the Federal Government of Canada introduced a country wide ban in October of 2017. This covered the final few provinces.

Many flavoured tobacco products were initially banned excluding menthol, then menthol was later added to the restrictions.

The main concern was that flavoured tobacco products were targeting minors.

In Summary

  • You can not buy or sell menthol cigarettes in Alberta.
  • Flavoured tobacco and vaping products were initially restricted without a menthol ban. Soon after, menthol was included in the ban.
  • Alberta was one of the first province to introduce the menthol ban.
  • The concern was that flavouring of these types of products were targeting the underage population. Studies showed that a third of minors who smoked, were smoking menthol after the initial flavouring ban.
How Many Rods Can You Fish with in Alberta?

Limits on things like number of rods per person, quantities of fish allowed, and other regulations, are found in the Alberta Guide to Sportfishing Regulations. Often times, the rules are different for ice fishing than they are for open water fishing. That is the case when it comes to rods per person.

How many rods can you fish with in Alberta? You can only fish with 1 rod per person in Alberta for open water fishing. You are allowed 2 rods per person for ice fishing. Each person assigned to a rod (or rods) must be properly licensed to fish.

Source

The above link takes you directly to the Regulations and Information section of the Alberta Guide to Sportfishing. Right near the top under ”General Sportfishing Restrictions” you will see the answer to this question.

You will also see there are restrictions on the number of total hooks allowed on a line. The restrictions are as follows:

It is unlawful to: Use a line in angling equipped with more than three hooks (e.g.,
three hooks, or three single-hook lures, or one three-hook lure).

From the Alberta Guide to Sportfishing Regulations

In Summary

  • In Alberta, you can only fish with 1 fishing rod at a time in open water, and up to 2 at a time for ice fishing.
  • Only the individuals who are properly licensed can count towards these numbers.
  • There are other fishing equipment restrictions as well, such as no more than 3 hooks on a line.