Does Alberta Have Public Auto Insurance?

In Canada, every province can choose to do auto insurance however they want. Some are private industries, and some are publicly funded.

Does Alberta have public auto insurance? Alberta does not have public auto insurance. The auto insurance in Alberta is a purely private industry only.

While the insurance agencies are private and independent, they are overseen by the Alberta Automobile Insurance Rate Board (AIRB).

Wether a province has public or private insurance, either way, auto insurance is mandatory to drive in Canada.

Every province and territory in Canada technically has access to some form of private insurance. Some are purely private, like Alberta, but some are a hybrid.

A province with a hybrid auto insurance structure generally means there is a certain amount of mandatory coverage from the public system, while you can add extra services privately.

Provinces and Territories Private or Hybrid Auto Insurance Chart

Province/TerritoryPrivate or Hybrid
Nova ScotiaPrivate
Prince Edward IslandPrivate
New BrunswickPrivate
North West TerritoriesPrivate
Nunavut Private
British ColumbiaHybrid
Saskatchewan Hybrid


Of the 13 total Canadian Provinces and Territories, 9 of them are purely private. The rest are mostly public with some form of private additions.

In Summary

  • Alberta does not have public auto insurance.
  • The Alberta auto insurance industry is purely private, and overseen by the A.I.R.B.
  • Alberta is 1 of 9 Provinces and Territories that are private.
  • The other 4 Provinces and Territories have public auto insurance or a hybrid.

How Many Jerry Cans Can You Legally Transport in Alberta, Canada?

The laws governing the quantity of gasoline you can travel with are governed by Transport Canada. These laws are federal and apply everywhere, not just Alberta.

How many jerry cans are you allowed to transport in Canada? You can legally transport 150kg or 200 Litres of gasoline in jerry cans in Canada. This is a gross mass, which means a total amount of the gasoline plus the weight of the jerry cans.


The laws and regulations around transporting dangerous goods in Canada are very in depth and complex.

For the purposes of answering this question here, we are only talking about the average person taking a few jerry cans camping, taking some fuel home for the lawn mower, filling up a car in an emergency and so on.

Just basic everyday personal use.

The law is based on total weight of the dangerous goods combined, and includes the weight of the container (Jerry Can in this case).

Example: A typical plastic 20 litre (5 Gallon) Jerry Can that is full of gasoline might weight approximately 20 kilograms.

The 150kg restriction/20kgs per jerry can = 7.5 Jerry cans. You would be more than safe with 7.

*This example is for demonstration purposes only.
Take a full jerry can and place it on a bathroom scale or other scale you might have at home.

Take note of the weight for future reference.

Also, this example is assuming these jerry cans of gasoline are the only dangerous goods you are transporting. The 150kg (or 200L) limit is combined with other dangerous goods in the same class.

Along with quantity limits, you also need to ensure the jerry cans are in safe containment condition, meaning they do not leak or have leaking potential.

You must also secure the jerry cans to the vehicle so they do not move while travelling. You are responsible for securing them as you would be with any other load.

In Summary

  • There is a 150kg (or 200L) limit on transporting fuel in jerry cans. This includes the weight of the jerry cans.
  • This is also combined with other dangerous goods in the vehicle.
  • These laws are Federal through Transport Canada.
  • The jerry cans must be securely attached to the vehicle, and in good condition to properly contain the fuel.
  • Weigh a full jerry can and take note for future reference.
  • Interesting side note: The laws tend to refer to them a ”Jerricans” but we are using ”Jerry Cans”, as this is what most people do.
Does Alberta Have Earthquakes?

If you were to ask the average Albertan to guess how many earthquakes there are each year in Alberta, most of them would probably guess zero. But this would be wrong.

Does Alberta have Earthquakes? Alberta has averaged 165 Earthquakes per year from 2006-2018. Most earthquakes in Alberta occur on the Western side of the province, particularly along the Rocky Mountains.

Most Albertans have never experienced an earthquake, because most earthquakes do not occur in densely populated areas. Those that do, are typically mild.

If you live in a large city like Calgary or Edmonton, the chances of experiencing a significant earthquake are very low, but not impossible.

Generally speaking, an earthquake capable of severe damage to buildings would be over a 6.0 ML. Alberta has not yet recorded an earthquake that high.

This explains why most people would not associate Alberta with earthquakes, even though there are many on a yearly basis.

Everything You Need to Know About Alberta Earthquakes

Alberta is not known for most common types of natural disasters. The province is too far inland for hurricanes, and the last evidence of a volcano eruption is from the paleocene and cretaceous eras.

There are some tornados in Alberta every year, but not as many as tornado alley in the U.S.A.

Overall, Alberta is a fairly safe place to live as far as natural disasters go. Assuming you can brave the deep cold winters.

In Summary

  • There a plenty of earthquakes in Alberta, but they are mostly of smaller magnitude.
  • The majority of the earthquakes in Alberta are along the Rocky Mountains.
  • If you live in the highly populated areas such as Edmonton, Red Deer or Calgary, the earthquakes are very rare there. This explains why most Albertans have never experienced an earthquake, or at least one of any significance.

What is the Smallest City in Alberta?

The criteria to become city in Alberta is a population of at least 10,000 people. Becoming a city does not happen automatically. The municipality has to apply for city status, and some choose not to.

What is the smallest city in Alberta? Wetaskiwin is the smallest city in Alberta with a population of 12,594. There are other Alberta towns with a smaller population exceeding 10,000, that do not currently have city status.

How Many Cities are there in Alberta?

There are 19 cities in Alberta (In order of population from Lowest to Highest):

  • Wetaskiwin
  • Lacombe
  • Brooks
  • Cold Lake
  • Camrose
  • Lloydminster
  • Beaumont
  • Chestermere
  • Fort Saskatchewan
  • Leduc
  • Spruce Grove
  • Medicine Hat
  • Grand Prairie
  • St. Albert
  • Airdrie
  • Lethbridge
  • Red Deer
  • Edmonton
  • Calgary

Alberta Towns Eligible to become Cities

Towns with more than 10,000 population that could potentially receive city status (In order of population from Lowest to Highest):

  • Blackfalds
  • Morinville
  • Canmore
  • Strathmore
  • High River
  • Sylvan Lake
  • Stony Plain
  • Okotoks
  • Cochrane

In Summary

  • The smallest city in Alberta is Wetaskiwin with a population of 12,594.
  • There are towns in Alberta that are eligible to become cities with a smaller population.
  • A town is eligible to apply for city status when the population crosses the 10,000 mark.
  • There are currently 9 Alberta towns eligible to become cities.
  • Calgary is the largest city in Alberta, with Edmonton in a close second.

Are There Badgers in Alberta?

The North American badger of the mustelidae family, is found in many parts of Canada and the U.S.A. Mostly in open or grassy regions. They tend to avoid heavily forested areas.

Are there badgers in Alberta? There are badgers in Alberta. Mostly in the Parkland Region and Grassland Region.

Great read all about the North American badger in Alberta

The 4 subspecies of North American badger are:

  1. jeffersoni
  2. berlandieri
  3. jacksonii
  4. taxus

The most common badger in Alberta is the taxus. This subspecies is considered “sensitive”.

A declining badger population can actually be harmful to other small mammals. Badgers dig and burrow. This creates convenient hiding opportunities for the protection of other small animals.

In Summary

  • There are badgers in Alberta and throughout North America.
  • The subspecies of North American badger found in Alberta is the taxus.
  • Badgers in Alberta are mostly found in the Grassland and Parkland Regions.
  • Taxus Badgers in Alberta are ranked as ”sensitive”. A declining population is bad for other small mammals that use badger holes to hide from predators.

How Many People Live in Alberta?

Alberta has the 4th highest population of all the Canadian Provinces. The population continues to rise year over year.

How many people live in Alberta? The current population of Alberta is 4,500,917. This is the most current population estimate as of April 1st, 2022.


A large percentage of Alberta’s population is concentrated in the 2 largest cities, which are Calgary and Edmonton.

The majority of people living in Alberta live from Edmonton and below. Alberta has vast amounts of wilderness in the Northern region that is very sparsely populated.

In Summary

  • As of April 1, 2022, there is an estimated total of 4,500,917 people living in Alberta.
  • Almost half of the total population resides in the 2 major cities of Edmonton and Calgary.
  • Alberta continues to have year over year population growth, as the 4th most populous province in Canada.

How Much Does Cremation Cost in Alberta?

There are different types of cremation services, and many funeral service providers in Alberta. This makes it tricky to pinpoint one exact cost.

How much does cremation cost in Alberta? The average cost of basic cremation services in Alberta is $1,222 CAD. This is for the most basic cremation service called ”Direct Cremation”. No ceremonies or celebrations and no fancy urn, just a basic container.

This is simply an average taken from crematoriums and funeral homes in Edmonton and Calgary. No two services will be exactly the same, but this gives you an idea of what to expect.

Edmonton example

Calgary example

Most funeral homes are great about keeping things simple. You will likely be asked to select a package, and they will take care of the rest.

In Summary

  • The average cost of direct cremation in Alberta is typically around $1200 CAD.
  • This is basic cremation services only. This means cremation only and return the ashes to the family in a very basic container. A fancy urn would cost extra.
  • There are usually options to temporarily rent a casket for the purposes of a viewing or funeral services. Then the body can be cremated later.
  • Direct cremation can be a good option for a lower budget. After cremation, a service or celebration of life can take place with family and friends at any time and any place. The place does not have to be a fancy expensive venue.

How Many Tornadoes in Alberta?

Mother Nature is wildly unpredictable. Especially in the Alberta. There are many variables that affect weather patterns in this region.

How many tornadoes are there in Alberta? Alberta averages around 10 tornadoes per year. This is a 4 year average from 2018 to 2021. The actual average is 9.75.

These are confirmed tornadoes in Alberta from the Northern Tornado Project (NTP). Not all tornadoes are necessarily confirmed or even detected. Though, with the sophisticated detection these days, most are.

As technology improves over the years, it may seem as though instances are increasing. While there may be some truth to that, it is mostly an increase in detection due to better weather detection and scientific knowledge. There has also been an increase in independent storm trackers that report what they see.

This is why we decided to use a recent 4 year span from the NTP to calculate an average.

Using data from way back in our history may not be a good representation of a number you can expect today. The detection methods were not as advanced, and there may be some climate differences since then.

If you are curious about past Alberta tornadoes and details about them, check out Alberta’s Tornado History here.

Here is a chart showing the number of Alberta Tornadoes per year from 2018 to 2021. We will continue to update this data moving forward.


Year# of Tornadoes

As you can see, these numbers can range wildly. Our average of 9 or 10 does not tell the whole story.

When is Tornado Season in Alberta?

Alberta’s tornado season spans from May to September. Most tornadoes occur from the middle of June to the first part of August. This is when conditions are most favourable for storms that can create funnel clouds.

Is Alberta Part of Tornado Alley?

When people talk about Tornado Alley, they are typically referring to the one in the United States. It is the name of a general area of central USA that has the highest frequency of tornadoes.

This area was first named in the 1950s, and has been popularized in the news and pop culture.

If the questions is ”Does the well known Tornado Alley extend from the United States into Alberta”, the answer is no.

While some experts have proposed different ways of defining regions, many experts would argue that a true defining factor would be the main source of the moisture.

The Gulf of Mexico is the main source of moisture that contributes to the Tornado Alley in the USA. The Pacific Ocean is the moisture source for the Canadian Tornado Alley that extends into Alberta.

In Summary

  • Alberta averages 9.75 tornadoes per year. (From 2018 to 2021).
  • Tornado season is from May to September, though there are outliers. The highest frequency of Alberta tornadoes tends to be in the peak hot summer months of June to August.
  • Alberta is technically not an extension of the famous tornado alley in the states. Canada has it’s own regions of high tornado activity. Some would agree that Canada has 2 Tornado Alleys. One in the prairies in the West (including Alberta), and one in the East around the Ontario region.

What Types of Salamanders are in Alberta?

Alberta is home to 2 main types of salamanders. They prefer environments that are wet or moist. Most salamanders hang out near bodies of water, or where the ground is regularly wet. Alberta has plenty of this.

What types of salamanders are in Alberta? The Long-Toed Salamander and the (Western) Tiger Salamander are the 2 main types of salamanders in Alberta.

How to tell the difference between Tiger Salamander and Long-Toed Salamander

These salamanders can be found throughout most of the province. They are mostly in Southern and Eastern-Central Alberta.

How Many Salamanders are there in Alberta?

There is no perfectly accurate salamander population count that has been conducted. The latest sampling counts estimate that there are at least 10,000 salamanders in Alberta.

Are Salamanders an Endangered Species in Alberta?

The Long-Toed salamander is not endangered, but is listed as a ”Species of Concern” in Alberta.


In Summary

  • The 2 main types of salamanders found in Alberta are the Long-Toed Salamander and the Tiger Salamander.
  • Salamanders can be found generally throughout the province, but mostly near bodies of water.
  • There is no official population count, but we know of at least 10 thousand salamanders.
  • Salamanders are not officially endangered in Alberta, but they are listed as a species of concern. More data and investigation is needed to determine a status.

Are There Wild Horses in Alberta?

Wild horses are usually reffered to as ”feral” horses. These are horses with no human owner or caregiver.

Are there wild (feral) horses in Alberta? Yes. There are wild horses in the province of Alberta. Experts believe that many of these feral horses are the decendants of domesticated horses let loose in the early 1900s.

Where are there Wild Horses in Alberta?

The general region where you would find feral horses in Alberta would be along the Eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains, stretching from North of the Sheep River to the Brazeau River area.

The highest known concentration of feral horses in Alberta is West of Sundre.


Are there Wild Horses in Banff National Park?

While there are wild horses in Alberta, there are no Wild Horses in Banff National Park. While feral horses do roam free in that general region of Alberta, the provincial government has wildlife management programs in place.

These programs include rounding up feral horses as deemed necessary. Wild horses are occasionally captured and sold to the public through auction.

How Many Wild Horses are there in Alberta?

There are at least 1314 feral horses in Alberta. This is according to the most recent (February 2021) Feral Horse Minimum count.

Each year, since 2009, the Alberta government has conducted a minimum count of feral horses. This is a manual head count of horses and categorization of ages.

These counts are aerial, using a helicopter. Two people count the number of horses and they compare their results for accuracy.

The aerial head counts are conducted in regions that are broken up into “Equine Management Zones”. These zones are Brazeau, Clearwater, Elbow, Ghost River, Nordegg and Sundre.

As the name suggests, these are minimum counts. These are counts by people from the sky, and therefore the numbers are only the horses than can be seen. The data should not be interpreted as being perfectly complete.

The main purpose of the minimum count is to provide a baseline number to compare changes year over year.

Alberta Feral Horse Minimum Counts (Since 2013)

  • 2013: 980
  • 2014: 880
  • 2015: 709
  • 2016: 854
  • 2017: 1202
  • 2018: 1712
  • 2019: 1679
  • 2021: 1314

There is a noticeable gradual increase.

Can You Hunt Wild Horses in Alberta?

No. It is illegal to shoot, hunt or snare wild horses in Alberta. They are protected under the Stray Animals Act.

While it is a crime to hunt or trap feral horses, the Alberta Government will round up a certain number of them for management purposes. These horses are often sold to the public.

In Summary

  • There are feral horses in Alberta.
  • They are mostly along the Eastern slopes, with the largest population near Sundre.
  • The provincial government keeps track of the quantity of wild horses by counting them from a helicopter.
  • It is illegal to shoot, hunt or snare wild horses in Alberta.