What Temperature Can You Refuse to Work in Alberta?

Every Canadian has the right to refuse unsafe work in the workplace in general. When it comes to temperature specific issues, each provinces handles things a little differently.

What temperature can you refuse to work in Alberta? Alberta does not have specific legal requirements when it comes to workplace temperature. However, employers must still provide a healthy and safe environment including maintaining an adequate indoor temperature and air quality.

This is often called the “general duty clause”, which requires employers to ensure the health and safety and welfare of their employees as much as it is reasonably practicable for the employer to do so.

Employers should adopt good practices and accepted industry standards to fulfill their duties. Part 2 of Alberta’s Occupational Health and Safety Code requires employers to also assess and control hazards that workers may be exposed to at the work site.

Alberta Guidelines for Working in the Heat and Cold

There are no temperature restrictions for work in Alberta, but the safety guidelines recommend an indoor temperature of 23-28°C in summer and 20-25°C in winter, when the relative humidity is closer to 30%.

In Summary

  • There are no official temperature restrictions for working in Alberta.
  • Alberta only has a set of guidelines for worker health and safety.
  • Any Alberta worker has the right to refuse unsafe work.

Can You Buy Raw Milk in Alberta?

Raw milk is milk that is unpasteurized. There is a process to ensure the health and safety of dairy products across Canada, not just Alberta.

Can you buy raw milk in Alberta? You can not buy, sell or give away raw milk in Alberta or anywhere in Canada. Raw milk is unpasteurized and has not met the health and safety standards of the various agencies that regulate the dairy industry.

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Raw milk from any livestock such as cow, goat, water buffalo etc, is unlawful to sell or even give away for free.

Not only is it illegal for a dairy producer to offer the raw milk to the market, they also have to meet other minimum standards. The health of the animal that creates the raw milk is also regulated.

Raw milk is to be pasteurized and processed before it can be offered commercially to the general public.

It is perfectly legal to drink unpasteurized (raw) milk from your own livestock. For example, many farmers drink raw milk from their own cows. There are also ways to pasteurize milk from your own animals.

Dairy Farmers do not have just one simple government body to deal with. There are several different agencies that oversee every step of the process from the equipment, the handling of the livestock and of course, the final product.

In Summary

  • You can not buy raw milk in Alberta. It is unlawful for a Dairy producer to sell or give away unpasteurized milk.
  • This restriction applies to all milk producing livestock, not just cows.
  • Several agencies and regulations that oversee the dairy industry, such as the Dairy Industry Act.
  • It is legal to drink raw milk from your own livestock.

Can You Buy Menthol Cigarettes in Alberta?

The laws on cigarettes and vaping have got much more restrictive over the years. Not just in the province of Alberta, but across Canada in general.

Can you buy menthol cigarettes in Alberta? You can not legally buy or sell menthol cigarettes in Alberta. They are banned across Canada.

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Alberta was one of the first provinces in Canada to ban menthol cigarettes on September 30, 2015. Nova Scotia was the first province to ban them.

Many more provinces eventually followed suit. Eventually, most Canadian Provinces had a menthol cigarette ban.

Finally, the Federal Government of Canada introduced a country wide ban in October of 2017. This covered the final few provinces.

Many flavoured tobacco products were initially banned excluding menthol, then menthol was later added to the restrictions.

The main concern was that flavoured tobacco products were targeting minors.

In Summary

  • You can not buy or sell menthol cigarettes in Alberta.
  • Flavoured tobacco and vaping products were initially restricted without a menthol ban. Soon after, menthol was included in the ban.
  • Alberta was one of the first province to introduce the menthol ban.
  • The concern was that flavouring of these types of products were targeting the underage population. Studies showed that a third of minors who smoked, were smoking menthol after the initial flavouring ban.
Can a Minor Sell Cigarettes in Alberta?

Alberta has very strict laws when it comes to selling tobacco and vaping products. Stores must hide these products from view of minors. Selling these products to minors comes with severe consequences.

But what about an underaged employee of the store?

Can a minor sell cigarettes and vaping products in Alberta? An employee who’s under 18 is allowed to sell tobacco and vaping products; but an employee who’s 17 or younger who smokes or otherwise uses a tobacco or vaping product is breaking the law.

This is taken directly from the Alberta Health Services Tobacco Retailer Toolkit.

The Alberta Tobacco Retailer Toolkit

While it is highly illegal to sell these products to minors, it is ok for a minor employee of a retailer to participate in the selling side of the transaction.

All of this is under the assumption that the retailer (employer) did an adequate job of training the employee and equipped the store properly according to the tobacco and vaping regulations.

In Summary

  • A minor employee is allowed to sell cigarette and vaping products in Alberta. They can not buy them.
  • Retailers must follow all tobacco and vaping laws, which includes proper training on selling these products, regardless of the age of the employee.
  • Violations of these regulations lead to expensive fines and legal consequences.
Can You Make Moonshine in Alberta?

They call it ”moonshine” because people used to make it at night. They secretly made it at night because it was illegal. Moonshine is a high proof spirit that is outlawed in many places around the world due to health and safety concerns.

Can you make moonshine in Alberta? It is illegal to make moonshine in Alberta without proper legal permissions. It is possible for a brewery to manufacture and sell moonshine in Alberta with permits and licensing.

Here is an interesting read about an Edmonton man who started making moonshine. He took all the necessary legal steps with the Alberta:

To take his white lightning to market, de Groot said he had to work closely with the Canada Revenue Agency and the Alberta Gaming and Liquor Commission to attain the proper licences.

Read The CBC Article here

Without the proper licensing from the Alberta Gaming and Liquor Commission, the average citizen is not allowed to make moonshine privately. It is considered to be highly dangerous.

The most relevant section of the Alberta Gaming, Liquor and Cannabis Act is the following:

Taken from the Alberta Gaming, Liquor and Cannabis Act.

Read the Full Act here

Moonshine is considered to be a ”spirit”. According to this act, an adult may make cider, wine and beer up to a certain legal quantity. However, you can not make spirits without a license.

In Summary

  • Moonshine is illegal or controlled in many places in the world. It gets it’s name from illegal brewing at night time.
  • It is not legal to make homemade moonshine in Alberta.
  • It is possible to make moonshine in Alberta with proper licensing.
  • Other types of homemade alcohol are legal to brew in Alberta without licensing. You can make beer, wine and cider. There are legal quantity limits.

Is Jaw Surgery Covered by Alberta Health Care?

In general, the Alberta Health Care Insurance Plan (AHCIP) covers pretty much everything that is deemed medically necessary. It also partially covers many other specific medical services.

Is jaw surgery covered by Alberta Health Care? Yes, jaw surgery is covered by the Alberta Health Care Plan if it is deemed medically necessary by your physician.

If it is deemed cosmetic or not medically necessary, it will not likely be covered. Most dental services are not covered, though some specific dental services are covered.

The best way to be sure in your specific situation is to talk to your physician. The Doctor or Dentist will guide you in the right direction.

If you are feeling adventurous, you can find the complete list of Alberta covered services here. It is essentially the costs that can be billed the AHCIP for those services. It is long and tedious, but you may find your specific jaw surgery needs on the list. You will need to download the pdf or open it in your browser.

In Summary

  • Maxillofacial surgery is covered by Alberta Health Care as long as it is deemed medically necessary by your physician.
  • Cosmetic or ”not medically necessary“ services will not typically be covered.
  • Most dental procedures are not covered by AHCIP though some specific instances are partially covered.
  • If this is all confusing, it’s understandable. Your doctor or dentist will guide you through the process and make the necessary referrals. You can also contact AHCIP here directly and ask them.

Does Alberta Health Care Expire?

Alberta did away with health care premiums back in 2009. These days, the Alberta Health Care plan (AHCIP) covers most essential needs without a premium.

You simply need to be registered with the Alberta Health care program, and you will be issued a card with a number. That number is attached to your identity.

Does Alberta Health Care Expire? No. Alberta Health Care does not expire. Your Alberta Health Care number stays the same and never needs to be renewed.

However, if you are outside of Alberta for more than 212 days (7 months), you will need to re-register when you return to the province. This could be due to long term work outside of Alberta, long term vacationing or if you move.

It should also be noted that there is a such thing as a temporary AHCIP plan that does have an expiry date. These are AHCIP plans for temporary workers from outside of Canada with a work permit.

Can Alberta Pharmacists Prescribe Antibiotics for UTI?

Yes. Pharmacists can prescribe antibiotics for UTI in Alberta. In fact, pharmacists in Alberta can prescribe any schedule 1 drug.

The only thing they can not prescribe are controlled substances like illegal narcotics.

It is possible to get a uti prescription directly from a pharmacist in Alberta, without seeing a doctor.

That being said, pharmacists must also ensure that they are only providing direct prescriptions when having all the available information about your particular case. If they don’t feel comfortable with it, or believe they have limited information, they may require you to first see your doctor.

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Is Mole Removal Covered by Alberta Health Care?

Alberta Health Care covers most services that are deemed medically necessary. When it comes to mole removal, it is no different.

Is mole removal covered by Alberta Health Care? Yes, mole removal is covered if it is deemed to have an atypical presentation and abnormal histology under the microscope. The consultation and mole removal will be fully covered with a physician referral.

It should be noted that mole removal would not be covered if it is solely for cosmetic purposes.

Most moles and skin tags are benign and generally harmless.

How Much Does Mole Removal Cost in Alberta?

Mole removal costs and associated fees vary by clinic. The costs also depend on the extensiveness of the procedure. The type of removal technique used, the size of the moles, the number of moles and so on.

Here is a sample of cost ranges from an Edmonton clinic:

Shave Removal$125 – $1,500+
Excision$300 – $600+
Laser Removal$200 – $1,250+
Cryotherapy Freezing$65 – $400+
Removal Cream$25 – $250+
Pathology Cost (biopsy testing)$125 – $200

Source

In Summary

  • Mole removal is covered by the Alberta Health Care plan, but only if it is deemed medically necessary
  • Mole removal for cosmetic purposes are not covered, but you can get the procedure done out of pocket
  • The costs depend on the type of removal and the extend of the operation
How Many Numbers in Alberta Health Card?

Your Alberta Health care card contains personal information such as your name and birth date. It also includes a Health Care number that allows you access to many medical services in Alberta.

The Alberta Health Card number is 9 digits long.

You can use this number when using health care services or ordering a new card. It is best practice to take care of your Alberta Health Care card, and have it with you at all times, or whenever possible. You will not be denied care without it, but it makes the process much smoother.

Does Your Alberta Health Care Number Ever Change?

No, your Alberta Health Care number will never change. Once your number has been created, it becomes permanently attached to your identity.

How to get a Replacement Alberta Health Care Card:

To get a new or replacement card, simply follow the instructions here.

To prevent damage to your Alberta Health Care card, you can laminate it for safe keeping.

In Summary

  • There are 9 Digits in the Alberta Health Care number
  • The 9 digit personal identification number is on your Alberta Health Care card
  • These cards tend to be flimsy and damage prone, but you can laminate them
  • Your Health Care number stays with you your whole life and never changes